Professor Prakash studies environmental policy, climate governance, NGOs and nonprofits, and voluntary/private regulation. He is the author of Greening the Firm: The Politics of Corporate Environmentalism (Cambridge, 2000), the co-author of The Voluntary Environmentalists: Green Clubs, ISO 14001, and Voluntary Environmental Regulations (Cambridge, 2006), and the co-editor of Advocacy Organizations and Collective Action (Cambridge, 2010), Voluntary Regulations of NGOs and Nonprofits: An Accountability Club Framework (Cambridge, 2010), Voluntary Programs: A Club Theory Perspective (The MIT Press, 2009), Coping with Globalization (Routledge, 2000), Responding to Globalization (Routledge, 2000), and Globalization and Governance (Routledge, 1999). In addition to guest editing several journal symposia, he has published in leading journals of political science, international relations, public policy, regulatory studies, nonprofit studies, and business ethics. With Nives Dolsak, he has a byline in He also publishes on platforms such as Foreign Policy, The Conversation, Huffpost, the Hill, Slate, and the Washington Post.

Aseem Prakash secured B.A. (Hons) in Economics from St. Stephen's College, University of Delhi in 1986 and MBA from the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad in 1988. Then, he worked as a manager in the marketing department of Procter and Gamble, India (1989-1992). He received a Joint Ph.D. from the Department of Political Science and the School of Public and Environmental Affairs (SPEA), Indiana University, Bloomington (1993-1997). His dissertation won the Academy of Management's 1998 Organization and the Natural Environment best dissertation award. From 1997 to 2002, he served as Assistant Professor of Strategic Management and Public Policy at the School of Business, The George Washington University. Since 2002, he has served on the faculty of the Department of Political Science at University of Washington, Seattle.

Aseem Prakash is a member of National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine's Board on Environmental Change and Society and International Research Fellow at the Center for Corporate Reputation, University of Oxford. His recent awards include International Studies Association, Environmental Studies Section’s 2023 Distinguished Scholar Award which “recognizes outstanding scholars whose long history of excellent research and teaching has had a substantial impact on fields associated with international relations and environmental issues,” the American Political Science Association's 2020 Elinor Ostrom Career Achievement Award in recognition of "lifetime contribution to the study of science, technology, and environmental politics," the International Studies Association's 2019 Distinguished International Political Economy Scholar Award that recognizes "outstanding senior scholars whose influence and path-breaking intellectual work will continue to impact the field for years to come," as well its 2018 James N. Rosenau Award for "scholar who has made the most important contributions to globalization studies" and the European Consortium for Political Research Standing Group on Regulatory Governance's 2018 Regulatory Studies Development Award that recognizes a senior scholar who has made notable "contributions to the field of regulatory governance."

Professor Prakash founded the Environmental Politics and Governance (EPG) network which provides a platform for social science scholars studying environmental issues to exchange ideas, and collaborate. It organizes three events. (1) the annual conference which roates between a U.S. and European University, (2) the annual graduate workshop, (3) biweekly online seminars.